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Identity of endogenous NMDAR glycine site agonist in amygdala is determined by synaptic activity level.
|Title||Identity of endogenous NMDAR glycine site agonist in amygdala is determined by synaptic activity level.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Li Y, Sacchi S, Pollegioni L, Basu AC, Coyle JT, Bolshakov VY|
Mechanisms of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity contribute to the acquisition and retention of conditioned fear memory. However, synaptic rules which may determine the extent of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activation in the amygdala, a key structure implicated in fear learning, remain unknown. Here we show that the identity of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor glycine site agonist at synapses in the lateral nucleus of the amygdala may depend on the level of synaptic activation. Tonic activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors at synapses in the amygdala under low activity conditions is supported by ambient D-serine, whereas glycine may be released from astrocytes in response to afferent impulses. The release of glycine may decode the increases in afferent activity levels into enhanced N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-mediated synaptic events, serving an essential function in the induction of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent long-term potentiation in fear conditioning pathways.
|Alternate Journal||Nat Commun|