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Identification and characterization of a novel trehalose synthase gene derived from saline-alkali soil metagenomes.
|Title||Identification and characterization of a novel trehalose synthase gene derived from saline-alkali soil metagenomes.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Jiang L, Lin M, Zhang Y, Li Y, Xu X, Li S, Li S|
A novel trehalose synthase (TreS) gene was identified from a metagenomic library of saline-alkali soil by a simple activity-based screening system. Sequence analysis revealed that TreS encodes a protein of 552 amino acids, with a deduced molecular weight of 63.3 kDa. After being overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified, the enzymatic properties of TreS were investigated. The recombinant TreS displayed its optimal activity at pH 9.0 and 45 °C, and the addition of most common metal ions (1 or 30 mM) had no inhibition effect on the enzymatic activity evidently, except for the divalent metal ions Zn(2+) and Hg(2+). Kinetic analysis showed that the recombinant TreS had a 4.1-fold higher catalytic efficientcy (Kcat/K m ) for maltose than for trehalose. The maximum conversion rate of maltose into trehalose by the TreS was reached more than 78% at a relatively high maltose concentration (30%), making it a good candidate in the large-scale production of trehalsoe after further study. In addition, five amino acid residues, His172, Asp201, Glu251, His318 and Asp319, were shown to be conserved in the TreS, which were also important for glycosyl hydrolase family 13 enzyme catalysis.
|Alternate Journal||PLoS ONE|