Hirsutellones and beyond: figuring out the biological and synthetic logics toward chemical complexity in fungal PKS-NRPS compounds.

TitleHirsutellones and beyond: figuring out the biological and synthetic logics toward chemical complexity in fungal PKS-NRPS compounds.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLi X-W, Ear A, Nay B
JournalNatural product reports
Volume30
Issue6
Pagination765-82
Date Published2013 Jun
Abstract

Covering: up to early 2013. Fungal polyketides and their hybrid non ribosomal peptide derivatives are characterized by often striking structural features and biological activities. Their diversity and their complexity arise from highly organized and programmable biosynthetic pathways and have been challenged by many synthetic chemists. This review will conceptually illustrate how complexity can be generated, starting from a general biosynthetic purpose (the fundaments of PKS-NRPS assembly lines) and finally showing how the particular class of hirsutellone compounds has emerged from such processes in relation to post-elongation and secondary tailoring events. Synthetic efforts to produce these natural products will be described with a special emphasis on complexity-generating strategies and steps. Thus, the biosynthetic and synthetic works will be analyzed in a continuous flow, focusing on both the logic of Nature and organic chemists.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0081430
Alternate JournalNat Prod Rep