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Health Care Utilization and Attitudes Survey: understanding diarrheal disease in rural Gambia.
|Title||Health Care Utilization and Attitudes Survey: understanding diarrheal disease in rural Gambia.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Saha D, Akinsola A, Sharples K, Adeyemi MO, Antonio M, Imran S, Jasseh M, Hossain MJ, Nasrin D, Kotloff KL, Levine MM, Hill PC|
|Journal||The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene|
|Date Published||2013 Jul|
Diarrheal disease causes ∼1.34 million deaths per year among children under 5 years of age globally. We conducted a Health Care Utilization and Attitudes Survey of 1,012 primary caregivers of children aged 0-11, 12-23, and 24-59 months randomly selected from a Demographic Surveillance population in rural Gambia. Point prevalence of diarrhea was 7.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 6.1-9.8); 23.3% had diarrhea within the previous 2 weeks. Caregivers of 81.5% of children with diarrhea sought healthcare outside their home, but only 48.4% of them visited a health center. Only 17.0% (95% CI = 12.1-23.2) of children with diarrhea received oral rehydration solution (ORS) at home. Abbreviated surveys conducted on six occasions over the subsequent 2 years showed no change in prevalence or treatment-seeking behavior. Diarrhea remains a significant problem in rural young Gambian children. Encouraging care-seeking behavior at health centers and promoting ORS use can reduce mortality and morbidity in this population.
|Alternate Journal||Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.|