HDAC3 interacts with sumoylated C/EBPα to negatively regulate the LXRα expression in rat hepatocytes.

TitleHDAC3 interacts with sumoylated C/EBPα to negatively regulate the LXRα expression in rat hepatocytes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsRen J, Li D, Li Y, Lan X, Zheng J, Wang X, Ma J, Lu S
JournalMolecular and cellular endocrinology
Volume374
Issue1-2
Pagination35-45
Date Published2013 Jul 15
Abstract

The expression changes of liver X receptor alpha (LXRα), histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) were detected in liver tissues of our high-fat-diet E3 rat model. The aim of this study is to pinpoint the molecular mechanism of HDAC3 and C/EBPα to orchestrate LXRα expression in hepatocytes. We confirmed that LXRα and its target genes were negatively regulated by HDAC3 in stable expressed clones with pEGFP-Hdac3 or shRNA-Hdac3 vector. However, transient pEGFP-C/EBPα plasmid transfection showed an upregulation of LXRα expression and C/EBPα enhanced LXRα promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner in CBRH-7919 cells. By using 5'-serial deletion reporter analysis, we identified that fragment from -2881 to -1181bp of LXRα promoter was responsible for C/EBPα binding to the promoter, especially CBS1 and CBS4 were identified essentially by using ChIP and luciferase reporter assay. Co-IP, qRT-PCR and ChIP revealed that HDAC3 interacted with C/EBPα co-regulated LXRα expression. Sumoylation of C/EBPα at lysine 159 was detected in CBRH-7919 cells with transient overexpressed C/EBPα, and Co-IP assay detected that sumoylated C/EBPα interacted with more HDAC3 than C/EBPα K159L mutant. Luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that C/EBPα participated in HDAC3-repressed LXRα transcription, and HDAC3 was involved in sumoylated C/EBPα-inactivated LXRα activity. Luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that sumoylation of C/EBPα by SUMO-1 directly reversed the activation of C/EBPα on LXRα promoter. The results suggested that HDAC3 interacts with sumoylated C/EBPα to negatively regulate the LXRα expression.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0081430
Alternate JournalMol. Cell. Endocrinol.