Gridded inventories of historical usage for selected organochlorine pesticides in Gansu Province, China.

TitleGridded inventories of historical usage for selected organochlorine pesticides in Gansu Province, China.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsHuang T, Li X, Tian C, Yang X, Wang L, Zhao Y, Ma J, Gao H
JournalEnvironmental science and pollution research international
Volume20
Issue10
Pagination7167-74
Date Published2013 Oct
Abstract

HCHs and DDTs were banned in 1983 in China; however, they are still remaining in various environmental media. Since endosulfan was introduced in China in 1994, it is widely used in agriculture. In this study, temporal and spatial uses of endosulfan, HCHs, and DDTs in Gansu province of China have been presented. It is estimated that the total usage is 701 tons for endosulfan between 1994 and 2007, 1,712 tons for HCHs between 1952 and 1983, and 462 tons for DDTs between 1951 and 1983, respectively. Endosulfan usage increased dramatically in 1998 due to its application on other crops except on cotton. The HCH and DDT usage displayed a rapid increase after 1972, reaching the peak in 1976 and in 1975, respectively; since then, they declined until being banned in 1983. The gridded usage inventories of these three kinds of organochlorine pesticides in Gansu province, with a 1/4° longitude by 1/6° latitude resolution, have been created by using different crops for endosulfan and the area of dry farmland for HCHs and DDTs as surrogate data. The most intensive use was in northwestern regions for endosulfan and southeastern regions for HCHs and DDTs in Gansu province.

DOI10.3290/j.qi.a30177
Alternate JournalEnviron Sci Pollut Res Int