Galangin Abrogates Ovalbumin-Induced Airway Inflammation via Negative Regulation of NF-κB.

TitleGalangin Abrogates Ovalbumin-Induced Airway Inflammation via Negative Regulation of NF-κB.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZha W-J, Qian Y, Shen Y, Du Q, Chen F-F, Wu Z-Z, Li X, Huang M
JournalEvidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM
Volume2013
Pagination767689
Date Published2013
Abstract

Persistent activation of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) has been associated with the development of asthma. Galangin, the active pharmacological ingredient from Alpinia galanga, is reported to have a variety of anti-inflammatory properties in vitro via negative regulation of NF-κB. This study aimed to investigate whether galangin can abrogate ovalbumin- (OVA-) induced airway inflammation by negative regulation of NF-κB. BALB/c mice sensitized and challenged with OVA developed airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammation. Galangin dose dependently inhibited OVA-induced increases in total cell counts, eosinophil counts, and interleukin-(IL-) 4, IL-5, and IL-13 levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and reduced serum level of OVA-specific IgE. Galangin also attenuated AHR, reduced eosinophil infiltration and goblet cell hyperplasia, and reduced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and vascular cell adhesion protein-1 (VCAM-1) levels in lung tissue. Additionally, galangin blocked inhibitor of κB degradation, phosphorylation of the p65 subunit of NF-κB, and p65 nuclear translocation from lung tissues of OVA-sensitized mice. Similarly, in normal human airway smooth muscle cells, galangin blocked tumor necrosis factor-α induced p65 nuclear translocation and expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, eotaxin, CXCL10, and VCAM-1. These results suggest that galangin can attenuate ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0065940
Alternate JournalEvid Based Complement Alternat Med