Entecavir plus adefovir rescue therapy for chronic hepatitis B patients after multiple treatment failures in real-life practice.

TitleEntecavir plus adefovir rescue therapy for chronic hepatitis B patients after multiple treatment failures in real-life practice.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsXu X-H, Li G-L, Qin Y, Li Q, He F-Q, Li J-Y, Pan Q-R, Deng J-Y
JournalVirology journal
Volume10
Issue1
Pagination162
Date Published2013 May 25
Abstract

AimTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of Entecavir (ETV) plus adefovir (ADV) for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients after multiple nucleos(t)ide analogue (NAs) failure treatment. METHODS: Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients who had a suboptimal response or developed resistance to two or more previous NAs treatments were included, and all subjects were treated with ETV in combination with ADV for >= 24 months. Complete virologic response (CVR) was defined as an undetectability of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level during treatment. Safety assessment was based on the increasing of serum creatinine and creatine kinase levels. RESULTS: A total of 45 eligible patients were included. Twenty-five patients had been treated with lamivudine (LAM) or telbivudine (LdT) and developed genotypic resistance. Resistance to ADV was present in 18 patients and 4 patients had a suboptimal response to ETV. Two patients had a resistance to both LAM and ADV. The cumulative probabilities of CVR at 12 and 24 months of ETV + ADV treatment were 88.9% (40/45) and 97.8% (44/45), respectively. Although one patient failed to achieve CVR, its serum HBV DNA level decreased by 3.3 log copies/mL after 24 months of combination therapy. The cumulative probability of HBeAg seroconversion was 15.6% (7/45) and 26.7% (12/45) at 12 and 24 months of treatment, respectively. History of prior exposure to specific NAs did not make a difference to ETV + ADV treatment outcome. There were no significant adverse events related to ETV + ADV therapy observed in the study subjects. CONCLUSION: ETV + ADV can be used as an effective and safe rescue therapy in patients after multiple NA therapy failures, especially in the areas where tenofovir is not yet available.

DOI10.3390/ijms140611224
Alternate JournalVirol. J.