Enhanced electroluminescence based on thermally activated delayed fluorescence from a carbazole-triazine derivative.

TitleEnhanced electroluminescence based on thermally activated delayed fluorescence from a carbazole-triazine derivative.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsSerevičius T, Nakagawa T, Kuo M-C, Cheng S-H, Wong K-T, Chang C-H, Kwong RC, Xia S, Adachi C
JournalPhysical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
Volume15
Issue38
Pagination15850-5
Date Published2013 Oct 14
Abstract

Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) properties of a dicarbazole-triazine compound, 9-(4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-9'-phenyl-3,3'-bicarbazole (CzT), and its OLED characteristics were investigated. An estimated small energy gap of about 90 meV between the singlet and triplet energy states of CzT made the up-conversion of triplet excitons back to a singlet state possible. The origin of the observed delayed fluorescence has been shown to be thermally activated delayed fluorescence. An organic light emitting diode (OLED) with CzT as an emitter showed the maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 6%. For comparison, another carbazole-triazine derivative of 3-(2'-(4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-2-yl)-9-phenyl-9H-carbazole (PhCzTAZ) with a similar structure was also studied. PhCzTAZ showed a low fluorescence quantum yield with no TADF.

DOI10.1002/jbmr.2057
Alternate JournalPhys Chem Chem Phys