Effects of Low Concentrations of Rotenone upon Mitohormesis in SH-SY5Y Cells.

TitleEffects of Low Concentrations of Rotenone upon Mitohormesis in SH-SY5Y Cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsYuyun X, Jinjun Q, Minfang X, Jing Q, Juan X, Rui M, Li Z, Jing G
JournalDose-response : a publication of International Hormesis Society
Volume11
Issue2
Pagination270-80
Date Published2013
Abstract

The mitochondrial toxin rotenone exerts cytotoxicity via overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane. We investigated the effects of rotenone (12.5, 25, 50, 100 nmol/L) on mitochondrial biogenesis and the potential roles of ROS production in SH-SY5Y cells. Mitochondrial biogenesis was assessed by counting the number of mitochondria, determining protein expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator α (PGC1-α) and its regulator, SIRT1, and oxygen consumption. ROS production and levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) were also determined. Compared with controls, rotenone (12.5 nmol/L) significantly increased the quantity of mitochondria and amount of oxygen consumption, whereas rotenone at >12.5 nmol/L decreased the quantity of mitochondria and amount of oxygen consumption. GSH contents and GSH/GSSG were also significantly enhanced by rotenone at 12.5 nmol/L and decreased by rotenone at >12.5 nmol/L. Except for ROS production and SIRT1 protein expression, all concentration-response relationships showed a typical inverted-U shape. ROS production was continually increased in cells treated with rotenone. These data indicate that low concentrations of rotenone can induce mitohormesis, which may be attributed to ROS production.

DOI10.7861/clinmedicine.13-6-543
Alternate JournalDose Response