Effects of iodine-125 seeds on the methylation of SFRP2 and P16 in colorectal cancer.

TitleEffects of iodine-125 seeds on the methylation of SFRP2 and P16 in colorectal cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLi X, Lu P, Li B, Zhang W, Luo K
JournalExperimental and therapeutic medicine
Volume6
Issue5
Pagination1225-1228
Date Published2013 Nov
Abstract

The current study investigated the effects of iodine-125 seeds on the gene methylation of SFRP2 and P16 in colorectal cancer. Mouse models of human colorectal cancer were randomly divided into an experimental group (n=25) and a control group (n=25). The control group was implanted with blank seeds (0 MBq) and the experimental group with iodine-125 seeds (14.8 MBq). At 20 days after implantation, the animals were sacrificed. The methylation levels of SFRP2 and P16 were detected using methylation-specific polymerase chain reactions (MSPs). Following iodine-125 seed irradiation, the level of SFRP2 methylation decreased. The methylation index of the experimental group (0.67±0.05) was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.84±0.07; P<0.05). In the experimental group, 10 samples (40%) displayed methylation in the P16 promoter region compared with 14 (56%) in the control group, which was a significant difference (P<0.05). Iodine-125 seeds induce the downregulation of methylated tumor suppressor gene promoters, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and growth of tumor cells.

DOI10.4103/2156-7514.119019
Alternate JournalExp Ther Med