Effects of growth hormone replacement therapy on bone mineral density in growth hormone deficient adults: a meta-analysis.

TitleEffects of growth hormone replacement therapy on bone mineral density in growth hormone deficient adults: a meta-analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsXue P, Wang Y, Yang J, Li Y
JournalInternational journal of endocrinology
Volume2013
Pagination216107
Date Published2013
Abstract

Objectives. Growth hormone deficiency patients exhibited reduced bone mineral density compared with healthy controls, but previous researches demonstrated uncertainty about the effect of growth hormone replacement therapy on bone in growth hormone deficient adults. The aim of this study was to determine whether the growth hormone replacement therapy could elevate bone mineral density in growth hormone deficient adults. Methods. In this meta-analysis, searches of Medline, Embase, and The Cochrane Library were undertaken to identify studies in humans of the association between growth hormone treatment and bone mineral density in growth hormone deficient adults. Random effects model was used for this meta-analysis. Results. A total of 20 studies (including one outlier study) with 936 subjects were included in our research. We detected significant overall association of growth hormone treatment with increased bone mineral density of spine, femoral neck, and total body, but some results of subgroup analyses were not consistent with the overall analyses. Conclusions. Our meta-analysis suggested that growth hormone replacement therapy could have beneficial influence on bone mineral density in growth hormone deficient adults, but, in some subject populations, the influence was not evident.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0063458
Alternate JournalInt J Endocrinol