Effect of transit times on quantification of cerebral blood flow by the FAIR T(1)-difference approach.

TitleEffect of transit times on quantification of cerebral blood flow by the FAIR T(1)-difference approach.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsZhou J, van Zijl PC
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume42
Issue5
Pagination890-4
Date Published1999 Nov
Abstract

The effect of finite transit times for the tagging bolus is known to be a significant error source for perfusion quantification using the flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR) technique. It is shown that, in the presence of transit times, both the slice-selective (SS) and nonselective (NS) inversion recovery experiments actually consist of an NS period followed by an SS period. This mixed process can be described using a newly defined time constant called the "switching time," which separates the two periods. Calculations predict that finite transit times always lead to decreased flow values in the signal-intensity-difference approach, but that the measured flows in the T(1)-difference approach may be decreased or increased. This theory well explains our recent experimental flow results on cat brain as a function of predelay. The results show the signal-intensity-difference method is superior over the T(1)-difference approach in terms of convenience and ease of quantification. Magn Reson Med 42:890-894, 1999.

Alternate JournalMagn Reson Med