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Effect of molecular size and particle shape on the terahertz absorption of a homologous series of tetraalkylammonium salts.
|Title||Effect of molecular size and particle shape on the terahertz absorption of a homologous series of tetraalkylammonium salts.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Burnett AD, Kendrick J, Russell C, Christensen J, Cunningham JE, Pearson AR, Linfield EH, Davies GA|
|Date Published||2013 Aug 20|
The absorption coefficient and refractive index have been measured for a homologous series of tetraalkylammonium bromides over the frequency range 0.3-5.5 THz. Spectral features are found to shift to lower frequencies as the molecular mass is increased, as expected. However, to understand the detailed structure of the observed spectral features, density functional perturbation theory calculations have been performed on the first four crystalline compounds in the series. From these calculations, we find that each spectrum is dominated by three translatory modes involving asymmetric motion of the ammonium cation and bromine counterion, although the overall number of active modes increases with increasing molecular size. The experimentally observed absorption is not completely described by the infrared active phonon modes alone. We show that it is also necessary to include the coupling of the phonon modes with the macroscopic field generated by the collective displacement of the vibrating ions, and we have applied an effective medium theory, which accounts for particle shape to allow for this effect in the calculation of the terahertz spectra.
|Alternate Journal||Anal. Chem.|