Effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells from blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia on the growth and apoptosis of leukemia cells.

TitleEffect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells from blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia on the growth and apoptosis of leukemia cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsHan Y, Wang Y, Xu Z, Li J, Yang J, Li Y, Shang Y, Luo J
JournalOncology reports
Volume30
Issue2
Pagination1007-13
Date Published2013 Aug
Abstract

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) has a typical progressive course with transition from a chronic phase to a terminal blast crisis phase. However, the mechanisms that lead to disease progression remain unclear. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) play important roles in maintaining the bone marrow microenvironment. In the present study, the biological characteristics of BMMSCs were determined including proliferation, apoptosis and secretion of cytokines during blastic phase CML (CML-Bp). The effect of BMMSCs in CML-Bp on K562 human CML cells and the CML-Bp original generation leukemia cells were also explored. Our results showed that CML-Bp BMMSCs protect tumor cells and increase their anti-apoptotic ability through regulating the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and activating the Wnt pathway.

DOI10.1155/2013/206525
Alternate JournalOncol. Rep.