Downregulation of BMP6 enhances cell proliferation and chemoresistance via activation of the ERK signaling pathway in breast cancer.

TitleDownregulation of BMP6 enhances cell proliferation and chemoresistance via activation of the ERK signaling pathway in breast cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLian W-J, Liu G, Liu Y-J, Zhao Z-W, Yi T, Zhou H-Y
JournalOncology reports
Volume30
Issue1
Pagination193-200
Date Published2013 Jul
Abstract

Previous studies indicate that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 6 is involved in breast cancer development and progression. However, the mechanism underlying the role of BMP6 in breast cancer cell proliferation, differentiation and chemoresistance remains unknown. In this study, we confirmed that BMP6 expression was downregulated in breast cancer tissues compared with the adjacent normal breast tissues. We further demonstrated that the downregulation of BMP6 was correlated with the estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status, tumor grade and enhanced proliferation (Ki67 proliferation index). In vitro functional experiments showed that the suppression of BMP6 expression by a specific small hairpin (sh)RNA vector led to increased proliferation in the MCF7 breast cancer cell line. Furthermore, knockdown of BMP6 in MCF7 cells enhanced the chemoresistance to doxorubicin by upregulation of mdr-1/P-gp expression and activation of the ERK signaling pathway. Taken together, our data suggest that BMP6 plays a critical role in breast cancer cell aberrant proliferation and chemoresistance and may serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker or therapeutic target for breast cancer.

DOI10.3389/fonc.2013.00183
Alternate JournalOncol. Rep.