Cytochrome c oxidase subunit III (COX3) gene, an informative marker for phylogenetic analysis and differentiation of Babesia species in China.

TitleCytochrome c oxidase subunit III (COX3) gene, an informative marker for phylogenetic analysis and differentiation of Babesia species in China.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsTian Z, Liu G, Yin H, Luo J, Guan G, Xie J, Luo J, Zheng J, Tian M, Yuan X, Wang F, Chen R, Wang H
JournalInfection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases
Volume18
Pagination13-7
Date Published2013 Aug
Abstract

In this study a 552-bp region of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit III (COX3) was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced from individual Babesia species. Sequence variation between Babesia species from China ranged between 0 and 32.4%. We analyzed the phylogenetic performance of the partial sequence of the COX3 gene to resolve Babesia relationships as compared to the nuclear 18S rRNA and the mitochondrial cytochrome b (COB) gene, These data indicate that the COX3 gene seems to be superior to the COB gene and the 18S rRNA in recognizing close lineages among some Babesia species. Our work indicates that the COX3 gene does complement and corroborate the phylogenetic inferences observed with the nuclear 18S rRNA and the COB gene previously reported. The combined phylogenetic analysis based on the nuclear 18S rRNA and the COX3 gene significantly improved (bootstrap) intraspecies support of the phylogenetic relationship. The presence of additional variable sites in the COX3 gene allowed an improved interspecies differentiation of Babesia species in this study. The data could be applicable for the survey of parasite dynamics, epidemiological studies as well as prevention and control of the disease.

DOI10.1155/2013/595872
Alternate JournalInfect. Genet. Evol.