Curcumin induces apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma AGS cells and colon carcinoma HT-29 cells through mitochondrial dysfunction and endoplasmic reticulum stress.

TitleCurcumin induces apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma AGS cells and colon carcinoma HT-29 cells through mitochondrial dysfunction and endoplasmic reticulum stress.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsCao A, Li Q, Yin P, Dong Y, Shi H, Wang L, Ji G, Xie J, Wu D
JournalApoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death
Volume18
Issue11
Pagination1391-402
Date Published2013 Nov
Abstract

In the present study, we investigate the effect of curcumin, a major active component isolated from rhizomes of Curcuma longa, on the cytotoxicity of three human carcinoma cell lines (AGS, HT-29 and MGC803) in gastrointestinal tract and a normal gastric epithelial cell line GES-1, and the mechanism of curcumin-induced apoptosis. The results indicated that curcumin inhibited the gastrointestinal carcinoma cell growth in a dose-dependent manner and cytotoxicity was more towards the gastric carcinoma cell AGS and colon carcinoma cell HT-29 compared to normal gastric cell GES-1, and increased externalization of phosphatidylserine residue was observed by Annexin V/PI staining in the two cell lines. Treatment of AGS and HT-29 cells with curcumin enhanced the cleavage of procaspase-3, -7, -8 and -9. Meanwhile, curcumin induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mitochondrial dysfunction as evidenced by up-regulation of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), phosphorylation of JNK and down-regulation of SERCA2ATPase, release of cytochrome c, decrease of Bcl-2 and reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential in both AGS and HT-29 cells. Overexpression of bax, total JNK, phospho-FADD and total FADD were also observed in curcumin-treated HT-29 cells. Moreover, curcumin decreased cytosolic and ER Ca(2+), but increased mitochondrial Ca(2+) in the two cell lines. 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate, an antagonist of inositol 1, 4, 5-triphosphate receptor, partly blocked curcumin-induced cytosolic Ca(2+) decrease in AGS and HT-29 cells. Additionally, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, an inhibitor of mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake, reversed curcumin-triggered AGS and HT-29 cells growth inhibition. siRNA to CHOP markedly reduced curcumin-induced apoptosis. These results suggest that curcumin can impact on ER stress and mitochondria functional pathways in AGS and HT-29 cells, death receptor pathway was also involved in curcumin-treated HT-29 cells, thus identifying specific well-defined molecular mechanisms that may be targeted by therapeutic strategies.

DOI10.1128/JVI.01190-13
Alternate JournalApoptosis