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Crystalline structure changes in preoriented metallocene-based isotactic polypropylene upon annealing.
|Title||Crystalline structure changes in preoriented metallocene-based isotactic polypropylene upon annealing.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Wang Y, Xu J-Z, Chen Y-H, Qiao K, Xu L, Ji X, Li Z-M, Hsiao BS|
|Journal||The journal of physical chemistry. B|
|Date Published||2013 Jun 13|
Partially melted metallocene-based isotactic polypropylene (m-iPP), which was preoriented with a high degree of molecular orientation and a shish-kebab structure, was annealed at various temperatures and isothermally crystallized at 130 °C. The melting and crystallization process was examined using synchrotron wide-angle X-ray diffraction, small-angle X-ray scattering, and differential scanning calorimetry. For the m-iPP samples annealed at relatively low temperatures, lamellar thickening, lateral growth, and a decrease in the γ-crystal fraction occurred. Because of parallel evolution of α- and γ-crystal growth in the limited crystallizable melt volume, the fraction of γ-crystals was very low. Furthermore, topological constraints in the melt dominate the chain flux in crystal evolution; the chains are consumed by the thickening lamellae and lateral growth, forming α-crystals with parallel chains in the unit cell. For the m-iPP samples isothermally annealed at medium annealing temperatures, the increase in the amount of crystallizable melt caused the γ-crystal fraction to increase. A shish-kebab (α-crystals) structure with high thermal stability and a newly formed macro-unoriented structure coexisted in the final sample. After annealing at high temperatures, at which no crystals survived, γ-crystal formation was greatly favored; this was attributed to the nature of m-iPP molecules and their dynamic behavior at 130 °C. Because of the lack of oriented nuclei, randomly oriented lamellae were formed. On the basis of the structural cooperative changes at different scales, the morphological features at different annealing temperatures were proposed.
|Alternate Journal||J Phys Chem B|