Coping zone construction and mapping: an exploratory study of contextual coping, PTSD, and childhood violence exposure in urban areas.

TitleCoping zone construction and mapping: an exploratory study of contextual coping, PTSD, and childhood violence exposure in urban areas.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsSloan-Power EM, Boxer P, McGuirl C, Church R
JournalJournal of interpersonal violence
Volume28
Issue9
Pagination1741-64
Date Published2013 Jun
Abstract

This mixed-method study explored how urban children aged 11 to 14 cope with multicontextual violence exposures simultaneously and analyzed the immediate action steps these children took when faced with such violence over time. Participants' (N = 12) narratives were initially analyzed utilizing a grounded theory framework as 68 violent incidents were coded for perceived threat and coping levels. Coping strategies were examined from a Transactional Model of Stress and Coping perspective taking into account the context and severity of each violent exposure itself. A comprehensive assessment map was developed to plot and visually reveal participants (N = 12) overall contextualized coping responses. Overall "coping zone" scores were generated to index perceived threat and coping responses associated with each violent incident described. These scores were then correlated with indicators of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Results indicated that urban children with less optimal coping zone scores across context have a greater likelihood of PTSD than do children who do not.

DOI10.1155/2013/951319
Alternate JournalJ Interpers Violence