Concurrent reinforcement schedules for problem behavior and appropriate behavior: experimental applications of the matching law.

TitleConcurrent reinforcement schedules for problem behavior and appropriate behavior: experimental applications of the matching law.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBorrero CSW, Vollmer TR, Borrero JC, Bourret JC, Sloman KN, Samaha AL, Dallery J
JournalJournal of the experimental analysis of behavior
Volume93
Issue3
Pagination455-69
Date Published2010 May
Abstract

This study evaluated how children who exhibited functionally equivalent problem and appropriate behavior allocate responding to experimentally arranged reinforcer rates. Relative reinforcer rates were arranged on concurrent variable-interval schedules and effects on relative response rates were interpreted using the generalized matching equation. Results showed that relative rates of responding approximated relative rates of reinforcement. Finally, interventions for problem behavior were evaluated and differential reinforcement of alternative behavior and extinction procedures were implemented to increase appropriate behavior and decrease problem behavior. Practical considerations for the application of the generalized matching equation specific to severe problem behavior are discussed, including difficulties associated with defining a reinforced response, and obtaining steady state responding in clinical settings.

DOI10.1097/CCM.0b013e31825457b8
Alternate JournalJ Exp Anal Behav