Colorectal cancer in a monoallelic MYH mutation carrier.

TitleColorectal cancer in a monoallelic MYH mutation carrier.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsKhalaf R, Jones C, Strutt W, Williamson P
JournalJournal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Volume17
Issue8
Pagination1500-2
Date Published2013 Aug
Abstract

Although the literature describes mutY homolog gene (MYH) polyposis as an autosomal recessive syndrome, we report a case of colorectal cancer in a carrier of MYH polyposis. Biallelic mutations in the MYH gene have been shown to increase the risk of colorectal cancer over the lifetime of the mutation carrier.1,2 However, there is no clear consensus in the literature as whether a monoallelic mutation increases the risk for colorectal cancer.3 In this report, we postulate that a single mutation is sufficient to increase the risk of colorectal cancer. We also propose that the G382D MYH mutation may play a dominant rather than a recessive role in polyposis and cancer development.

DOI10.1182/blood-2013-08-517474
Alternate JournalJ. Gastrointest. Surg.