Chemopreventive Effects of an HDAC2-Selective Inhibitor on Rat Colon Carcinogenesis and APCmin/+ Mouse Intestinal Tumorigenesis.

TitleChemopreventive Effects of an HDAC2-Selective Inhibitor on Rat Colon Carcinogenesis and APCmin/+ Mouse Intestinal Tumorigenesis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRavillah D, Mohammed A, Qian L, Brewer M, Zhang Y, Biddick L, Steele VE, Rao CV
JournalThe Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
Date Published2014 Jan

Epigenetic modulators, particularly histone deacetylases (HDACs), are valid targets for cancer prevention and therapy. Recent studies report that HDAC2 overexpression is associated with colon tumor progression and is a potential target for colon cancer prevention. This study tested chemopreventive and dose-response effects of Ohio State University HDAC42 (OSU-HDAC42), a selective HDAC2 inhibitor, using a rat colon carcinogenesis model to assess aberrant crypt foci inhibition and a familial adenomatous polyposis model to assess intestinal tumor inhibition. Colonic aberrant crypt foci were induced by azoxymethane (AOM) (15 mg/kg body weight, once-weekly subcutaneous injections at 8 and 9 weeks age). One week after AOM treatment, groups of rats were fed an AIN-76A diet containing 0, 75, 150, and 300 ppm OSU-HDAC42 for 8 weeks, and colonic aberrant crypt foci were evaluated. To assess the inhibitory effect of OSU-HDAC42 on small-intestinal polyps and colon tumor growth, 6-week-old male C57Bl/6J-APC(min/+)mice were fed an AIN-76A diet containing 150 ppm OSU-HADC42 or 300 ppm pan-HDAC inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxyamic acid (SAHA) for 80 days. Our results demonstrate that dietary OSU-HDAC42 produced dose-dependent inhibition of AOM-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci formation (13-50%; P < 0.01 to < 0.0001) and reduced multiple crypts with ≥4 crypts per focus (25-57%; P < 0.01 to < 0.0001) in F344 rats. Our findings show that 150 ppm OSU-HDAC42 significantly inhibited small-intestinal polyps (>46%; P < 0.001), with polyp size measuring >1 mm (P < 0.001), and colon tumors (>26%) in APC(min/+)mice, whereas 300 ppm SAHA showed nonsignificant inhibition. Mice fed 150 ppm OSU-HDAC42 had significantly decreased HDAC2, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, B cell lymphoma 2, cyclin-dependent kinase 2, and cell division cycle homolog 25C expression levels and increased p53 expression levels. These observations demonstrate the chemopreventive efficacy of OSU-HDAC42 against chemically induced and polyposis models of intestinal tumorigenesis.

Alternate JournalJ. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.