Changes in Oral Feeding in Preterm Infants Two Weeks After Hospital Discharge.

TitleChanges in Oral Feeding in Preterm Infants Two Weeks After Hospital Discharge.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPickler RH, Reyna BA, Griffin JB, Lewis M, Thompson AM
JournalNewborn and infant nursing reviews : NAINR
Date Published2012 Dec 1

The purpose of this analysis was to measure changes in preterm infant feeding skill between discharge and two weeks post-discharge. Data were from two samples - 22 preterm infants who participated in a non-experimental study of feeding readiness and 63 preterm infants who participated in a study of four oral feeding approaches. Both studies were approved by the institutional review board; parents gave informed consent. The Early Feeding Skills Assessment (EFSA) was used to measure feeding skills. Data were analyzed descriptively and by ANOVA and regression. Analysis revealed that feeding skills changed selectively from discharge to post-discharge and that discharge skills were predictive of post-discharge skill. Changes that occur in feeding skills during the immediate post-discharge period have received little attention from researchers. The findings suggest that enhanced pre-discharge assessment and parent teaching maybe necessary to reduce reported parental stress associated with feeding the newly discharged infant and to promote a positive feeding experience.

Alternate JournalNewborn Infant Nurs Rev