Association of a genetic variation in a miR-191 binding site in MDM4 with risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

TitleAssociation of a genetic variation in a miR-191 binding site in MDM4 with risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZhou L, Zhang X, Li Z, Zhou C, Li M, Tang X, Lu C, Li H, Yuan Q, Yang M
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue5
Paginatione64331
Date Published2013
Abstract

As an oncoprotein, MDM4 plays a key part in P53 tumor suppressor pathway through negatively regulating P53 function. It has been reported that an rs4245739 A>C polymorphism locating in the MDM4 3'-untranslated region creates a miR-191 target site and results in decreased MDM4 expression. Therefore, we investigated the association between this polymorphism and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) risk as well as its biological function in vivo. Genotypes were determined in two independent case-control sets consisted of 1128 ESCC cases and 1150 controls from two regions of China. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by logistic regression. The impact of the polymorphism on MDM4 expression was examined with esophagus tissues. Our results demonstrated that the MDM4 rs4245739 AC and CC genotypes were significantly associated with decreased ESCC risk compared with the AA genotype in both case-control sets (Jinan set: OR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.35-0.82, P = 0.004; Huaian set: OR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.45-0.99, P = 0.049). Stratified analyses revealed that a multiplicative interaction between rs4245739 and smoking or drinking was evident (Gene-smoking: P(interactioin) = 0.022; gene-drinking: P(interactioin) = 0.032). After detecting In vivo MDM4 mRNA expression, we found that the rs4245739 AC and CC genotype carriers had significantly decreased MDM4 expression in normal esophagus tissues compared with AA genotype carriers, indicating a consistent genotype-phenotype correlation. Our results elucidate that the MDM4 rs4245739 polymorphism contributes to susceptibility of ESCC and support the hypothesis that genetic variants, interrupting miRNA-mediated gene regulation, may modify cancer risk.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0064697
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE