Activation of Wnt5a-Ror2 signaling associated with epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of tubular epithelial cells during renal fibrosis.

TitleActivation of Wnt5a-Ror2 signaling associated with epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of tubular epithelial cells during renal fibrosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLi X, Yamagata K, Nishita M, Endo M, Arfian N, Rikitake Y, Emoto N, Hirata K-I, Tanaka Y, Minami Y
JournalGenes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms
Volume18
Issue7
Pagination608-19
Date Published2013 Jul
Abstract

Activation of Wnt5a-Ror2 signaling has been shown to be associated with epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of epidermoid carcinoma cells via induction of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). Because EMT has also been implicated in the progression of tissue fibrosis, we examined the possible association of Wnt5a-Ror2 signaling with renal fibrosis. Here, we show that expression of Wnt5a and Ror2 is induced in a damaged mouse kidney after unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) treatment. Immunofluorescent analysis showed that Ror2 expression is clearly induced in tubular epithelial cells during renal fibrosis, and these Ror2-expressing cells also express Snail and vimentin, markers of mesenchymal cells, suggesting that Ror2 might be induced in epithelial cells undergoing EMT. We also found that MMP-2 expression is induced at Ror2-positive epithelium adjacent to significantly disrupted tubular basement membrane (TBM). Interestingly, reduced expression of MMP-2 is detected at epithelium in damaged kidneys from Ror2(+/-) mice compared with those from wild-type Ror2(+/+) mice. Importantly, extents of TBM disruption are apparently reduced in damaged kidneys from Ror2(+/-) mice compared with those from wild-type mice. Collectively, these findings indicate that activation of Wnt5a-Ror2 signaling in epithelial cells undergoing EMT may play an important role in disrupting TBM via MMP-2 induction during renal fibrosis.

DOI10.1016/j.dci.2013.06.002
Alternate JournalGenes Cells