Activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway during the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells cultured on substrates modified with various chemical groups.

TitleActivation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway during the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells cultured on substrates modified with various chemical groups.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBai B, He J, Li Y-S, Wang X-M, Ai H-J, Cui F-Z
JournalBioMed research international
Volume2013
Pagination361906
Date Published2013
Abstract

The current study examined the influence of culture substrates modified with the functional groups -OH, -COOH, -NH2, and -CH3 using SAMs technology, in conjunction with TAAB control, on the osteogenic differentiation of rabbit BMSCs. The CCK-8 assay revealed that BMSCs exhibited substrate-dependent cell viability. The cells plated on -NH2- and -OH-modified substrates were well spread and homogeneous, but those on the -COOH- and -CH3-modified substrates showed more rounded phenotype. The mRNA expression of BMSCs revealed that -NH2-modified substrate promoted the mRNA expression and osteogenic differentiation of the BMSCs. The contribution of ERK1/2 signaling pathway to the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs cultured on the -NH2-modified substrate was investigated in vitro. The -NH2-modified substrate promoted the expression of integrins; the activation of FAK and ERK1/2. Inhibition of ERK1/2 activation by PD98059, a specific inhibitor of the ERK signaling pathway, blocked ERK1/2 activation in a dose-dependent manner, as revealed for expression of Cbf α -1 and ALP. Blockade of ERK1/2 phosphorylation in BMSCs by PD98059 suppressed osteogenic differentiation on chemical surfaces. These findings indicate a potential role for ERK in the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs on surfaces modified by specific chemical functional groups, indicating that the microenvironment affects the differentiation of BMSCs. This observation has important implications for bone tissue engineering.

DOI10.1155/2013/361906
Alternate JournalBiomed Res Int