Aberrant methylation and loss of CADM2 tumor suppressor expression is associated with human renal cell carcinoma tumor progression.

TitleAberrant methylation and loss of CADM2 tumor suppressor expression is associated with human renal cell carcinoma tumor progression.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsHe W, Li X, Xu S, Ai J, Gong Y, Gregg JL, Guan R, Qiu W, Xin D, Gingrich JR, Guo Y, Chang G
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume435
Issue4
Pagination526-32
Date Published2013 Jun 14
Abstract

Cell adhesion molecules (CADMs) comprise a protein family whose functions include maintenance of cell polarity and tumor suppression. In this report, we show that the CADM2 gene is repressed in human clear renal cell carcinoma by DNA promoter hypermethylation and/or loss of heterozygosity. Moreover, the loss of CADM2 expression is associated with a higher tumor pathology stage (p<0.05). The re-expression of CADM2 in the renal cancer cell line 786-O significantly suppressed tumor cell growth in vitro and in mouse xenografts by a G1 phase cell cycle arrest and the induction of apoptosis. Lentivirus-mediated CADM2 expression also significantly suppressed cancer cell anchorage-independent growth and invasion. Furthermore, the inhibition of endogenous CADM2 expression using siRNAs induced a tumorigenic phenotype in polarized non-tumorigenic MDCK cells. Thus, we conclude that CADM2 functions as a novel tumor suppressor and may serve as a potential therapeutic target for human renal cell carcinoma.

DOI10.1111/tpj.12228
Alternate JournalBiochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.