α-Monoacylated and α,α'- and α,β'-diacylated dipyrrins as highly sensitive fluorescence "turn-on" Zn2+ probes.

Titleα-Monoacylated and α,α'- and α,β'-diacylated dipyrrins as highly sensitive fluorescence "turn-on" Zn2+ probes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDing Y, Li X, Li T, Zhu W, Xie Y
JournalThe Journal of organic chemistry
Volume78
Issue11
Pagination5328-38
Date Published2013 Jun 7
Abstract

With the purpose of developing readily synthesized CHEF (chelation-enhanced fluorescence) type Zn(2+) probes with relatively simple molecular structures and excellent sensing behavior, p-anisoyl chloride was used for the acylation of 5-(pentafluorophenyl)dipyrromethane. Interestingly, the α,β'-diacylated product PS2 with a unique substitution mode was obtained in high yield in addition to the normal α-substituted mono- and diacylated products PS1 and PS3. Further oxidation of PS1-PS3 afforded dipyrrins S1-S3. Crystal structure and (1)H NMR measurements of S2 demonstrate the existence of a pure tautomer, which is consistent with DFT calculations. S1-S3 show highly Zn(2+) selective "turn-on" fluorescence based on a CHEF mechanism by the formation of 2:1 (probe:metal) Zn(2+) complexes. The emission colors can be easily tuned from green to red by changing the dipyrrin substitution modes. Furthermore, these probes demonstrate fast responses and wide applicable pH ranges. Among them, S2 shows the highest Zn(2+) sensitivity, with a detection limit of 4.4 × 10(-8) M.

DOI10.1002/gcc.22099
Alternate JournalJ. Org. Chem.