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Cognitive Curriculum for Students with Traumatic Brain Injury: Attention -- SHNIC Educators Information
Attention has always been a central concern to teachers. The brain's ability to focus and maintain attention on objects and events is crucial to learning. Attention is basic to classroom motivation and management. At the most basic level, a child must first be awake and alert. Once ready for attending, an effective attentional system must be able to (1) identify and focus on the most important items in the environment, (2) sustain attention on its focus while monitoring related information and ignoring other stimuli, (3) shift attention when new information warrants that shift and (4) attend to more than one stimuli simultaneously.
- Student will respond to basic stimulation with optimal positioning with eyes open.
- Student will show localized response to stimulation.
- Student will follow simple commands.
Goal: Selectivity/focused - possess the ability to select something and focus on it; attend to a restricted range of information
- Student will direct attention (visual or auditory) to a specific stimulus.
- Student will demonstrate response to stimulus.
Goal: Sustained attention - attend for as long as necessary to complete task appropriately
- Student will participate in preferred task for ______ minutes with _____ re-directions.
- Student will participate in non-verbal task for _____ minutes with _____ re-directions.
- Student will participate in verbal task for _____ minutes with _____ re-directions.
- Student will participate in written task for _____ minutes with _____ re-directions.
Goal: Shift attention - ability to change focus for attention with task demands
- Student will change class sessions.
- Student will change activities within a session.
- Student will shift attention within desired activity.
Goal: Divided attention - ability to pay attention to two things at once
- Student will demonstrate the ability to write notes from dictation.
- Student will participate simultaneously in conversation while eating, walking, dressing, appropriately.